Scientific name: Quercus virginiana
Description and characteristics:
Native, evergreen tree. Growth Rate: Slow to moderate. Massive, wide spreading, horizontal and arching branches. Picturesque with age. Many examples around town. Can grow at severe angles.
Excellent for coastal areas. Old leaves drop in spring. Salt tolerant. Acorns eaten by birds, squirrels, bobwhite quail, wild turkey, black bear, and deer. Good street tree. Larval plant for white hairstreak butterfly and oakworm moth. Shallow spreading roots. Spanish Moss is attracted to this tree. This is a Texas native plant.
Iconic of the old South. The wood is very strong. It was used to build the frame of the USS Constitution giving it the nickname of “Old Ironsides”. Native Americans used the live oak for many purposes. The Big Tree in Rockport Texas is estimated at 1,000 years old. The Treaty Oak in Austin is about 500 years old.
30’ to 50' Width: 50’ to 80'
.7 to 1" acorn, 1 to 5 on a stalk
Sun. Range of soil types. Tolerates moist and compacted clay soil.