Scientific name: Chaenomeles speciosa
Description and characteristics:
Thorny deciduous shrub in the rose family. Used as a food plant by the larvae of some butterflies and moths. The fruits are very hard and astringent and very unpleasant to eat raw, though they do soften and become less astringent after frost (when they are said to be "bletted"). They are suitable for making liqueurs, as well as marmalade and preserves, as they contain more pectin than apples and true quinces. The fruit also contains more vitamin C than lemons. The fruit has been part of traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years, used to treat arthritis, leg edema, and cramping in the calf muscle.
Late winter to early spring when nothing else is in bloom. Color: usually red, but there are pink and white varieties.
6’ to 10’ tall x 6’ to 10’ wide
Easy to grow shrub that does best in full sun. It is tolerant of dry soils
Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction. Plant has spines or sharp edges. Use extreme caution when handling.